or pervasive computing assumes there will be large numbers of
'invisible' small computers embedded into the environment and
interacting with mobile users. Users will experience this world
through a wide variety of devices, some they will wear (e.g
medical monitoring systems), some they will carry (e.g. personal
communicators that integrate mobile phones and PDAs), and some
that are implanted in the vehicles they use (e.g car information
systems). This heterogeneous collection of devices will interact
with intelligent sensors and actuators embedded in our homes,
offices, transportation systems to form a mobile ubiquitous
computing environment which aids normal activities related to
work, education, entertainment or healthcare. There is a need
for wireless communication to support mobile interaction but
the environment will also provide access to wired backbone networks
connected to the internet.
these intelligent communicators will be far more sophisticated
than current mobile phones, they will always have limited storage,
processing, display capabilities and battery power compared
to fixed PCs. There is thus a need to adapt information and
applications so that they are compatible with the limited capabilities
of the devices but also to provide information or adapt services
that are relevant to the current context of the user. Sensors
in the environment, possibly in collaboration with personal
devices, would determine user's current activity - driving a
car, walking down a street, in the cinema, in a meeting, running
for a bus, about to watch television. The ubiquitous computing
environment would thus support users in common day-to-day activities
by adjusting lights, switching on the television for favourite
programmes, record the programme when unable to watch it, monitor
health and alert emergency services in case of problems, warn
drivers about potential component failures in their car etc
is considerable interest in ubiquitous computing with many research
projects in Europe  , as well as the rest of the world.
Two journals have recently started which cover the area of Pervasive
Computing , although there are many which cover mobility.
There are also a number of conferences addressing issues of
mobility, wearable computers, mobility and wireless communications.
There are a few isolated UK projects in universities and 2 relevant
large collaborative projects Mobile VCE  and Equator IRC
. The DTI has recently started a new funding initiative -
Next Wave Technologies which is meant to foster academic/industrial
collaborative projects . There have also been past projects
related to Virtual Society funded by ESRC . Many of the research
issues relating to ubiquitous computing and the socio-economic
impact are discussed in the report from the EPSRC working group
on Computer Challenges to emerge from eScience . There is
a growing need to coordinate a large and inclusive academic
community across the UK to raise awareness, coordinate research
initiatives and to ensure that a healthy community of researchers
there are 3 separate academic communities: Mobile Computing
in Computing Departments, Wireless Mobile Communications in
Electronic Engineering Departments and a Human Factors and Social
Science in various Departments. These communities have comparatively
little interaction and we need to foster a common understanding
across these currently rather disparate groupings. There is
also increasing interest within Computing Departments on investigating
the theoretical and software engineering issues relating to
ubiquitous computing. Despite the larger number of adventurous
challenges a real danger exists that the inherently multidisciplinary
nature of Ubiquitous Computing makes it a difficult place for
academics to base a research career as they run the risk of
falling between more traditional disciplinary boundaries and
failing to receive support from the communities associated with
network will bring together academic researchers within the
UK to build a new multi-disciplinary community covering the
broad aspects of ubiquitous computing, including the technology,
human factors and socio-economic issues. Although the emphasis
will be on a network of academic researchers, we will welcome
involvement from industry and will work closely with the DTI
Next Wave Technologies initiative to involve industry and to
have joint workshops. This proposal requests part-time funding
for a coordinator and a secretary over a period of 36 months
and funding to enable UK research students to attend training
workshops and conferences.
seeks to address the following key objectives and research issues.
establish and support an inclusive multi-disciplinary community
which will collaborate on ubiquitous computing research and
foster interaction with similar communities in Europe and
provide a forum for the exchange of ideas, best practice techniques
and software related to Ubiquitous Computing.
hold workshops, seminars and summer schools which UK research
students and RAs can easily attend as a means of training
young researchers and future leaders of the research community.
publish a research manifesto specifying the research challenges
which the community should address over the next 15 years.
provide a focus for cooperation with EU initiatives such as
the Disappearing Computing Program and other EU Networks.
formulate and submit collaborative proposals to UK and EU
there has been considerable progress in some areas such as the
wireless technology to support mobile communications, there
are many research issues which need to be addressed in order
to realise a ubiquitous intelligent environment which is able
to support people in the normal activities. This network will
initiate discussion and collaborations to address ubiquitous
computing research issues such as:
of mobile and public networks requires integration and management
of disparate communication technology to support seamless
and ubiquitous connectivity with quality of service guarantees.
of trust, security and privacy become even more problematic
in ubiquitous computing environments which are able to track
your movement and activities at all times. Portable devices
will combine the functions of mobile phone, keys, credit cards,
passport and medical record so mechanisms to cater for loss
or theft are needed.
provision of context aware applications and services is key
to successful ubiquitous computing. For example, the system
should be able to distinguish between a possible heart problem
or exertion due to running for a bus and to provide the information
or services relevant to your current activity.
approaches are needed to provide flexible and adaptable software
both for mobile devices and the intelligent environment. The
scale of these ubiquitous systems necessitates 'autonomic'
(self-organising and self-managing) systems which can dynamically
update software to cater for new services and applications.
factors arise to cater for new modes of interaction and 'invisible'
ambient technology which must be useable by non-technical
people. There is a need to support transient organisations
and dynamic, potentially mobile work arrangements including
virtual teams, ad-hoc collaborations and virtual organisations.
social and organisational issues that arise in creating new
forms of interaction based on ambient technologies and deploying
those systems within everyday environments be they the home,
the workplace, or more public arenas such as museums and galleries.
There is a need to support a diverse range of activities,
within and across different settings and organisational environments,
performed by users with very different interests, skills and
competencies. In turn these issues raise questions concerning
new approaches to requirements analysis, design, development
and deployment of ubiquitous computing.
management committee of UK-UbiNet includes the steering committee
Ubiquitous Computing Grand Challenge and comprises of the
Morris Sloman , Department of Computing, Imperial College
Dan Chalmers , Informatics, University of Sussex
Jon Crowcroft, Computer Laboratory University of Cambridge
David DeRoure , Department of Electronics and Computer
Science, University of Southampton
John Dunlop , Electronic and Electrical Engineering Department,
University of Strathclyde (Mobile VCE)
Hans Gellersen , Department of Computing, University of
Christian Heath , Management Centre, King's College London
Andy Hopper , Engineering Department, University of Cambridge
Marta Kwiatowska, School of Computer Science, University
Robin Milner, Computer
Laboratory University of Cambridge
Tom Rodden , School of Computer Science and Information
Technology, University of Nottingham (Director of the Equator
Vladimiro Sassone, Informatics,
University of Sussex
Report on Scenarios for Ambient Intelligence in 2010
News on Ambient Computing
funded Disappearing Computer Initiative
Verlag Personal and Ubiquitous Computing
Nextwave technologies and markets
Virtual Society Program
Science Challenges to emerge from eScience
/ Mark Weiser "Ubiquitous Computing" site